دانلود رایگان مقاله لاتین رفتار مرزبندی و وابستگی به تیم پروژه از سایت الزویر
عنوان فارسی مقاله:
باز کردن تاثیر وابستگی به تیم های پروژه در رفتارهای مرزبندی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Unpacking the impact of attachment to project teams on boundary-spanning behaviors
سال انتشار : 2016
بخشی از مقاله انگلیسی:
2. Group attachment theory: Anxiety and avoidance dimensions
Attachment to groups refers to individuals' psychological ties to their groups as a whole, rather than to another person (Lee, 2005; Lee and Ling, 2007; Smith et al., 1999). Although individuals' attachment to groups is affected by their group experience, it is neither a dyad- nor group-level construct. Attachment to groups is a conceptually and empirically individual-level construct (Marmarosh and Tasca, 2013; Rom and Mikulincer, 2003). Empirical research demonstrates that group members have different levels of attachment to the group, as suggested by low intraclass correlations of the construct within a group (Rom and Mikulincer, 2003). Attachment to groups has been found to influence individuals' cognition, emotion, and behavior in task-related (Lee and Ling, 2007; Rom and Mikulincer, 2003) and social groups (Smith et al., 1999). Attachment to groups has two distinct dimensions: group attachment anxiety and group attachment avoidance (Smith et al., 1999). Group attachment anxiety results from inconsistent and unpredictable reactions from team members to individuals' fear-motivated support-seeking behaviors. It refers to the degree to which a person worries that his or her project team will not be available or adequately responsive in times of need. Team members with high group attachment anxiety tend to have low self-confidence and associate their team with inconsistent support and respect. Their attachment goal is to gain acceptance. In contrast, team members with low group attachment anxiety are self-confident and believe the team offers consistent support and acceptance (Lee and Ling, 2007). The other dimension, group attachment avoidance, reflects the extent to which he or she distrusts group members' goodwill and strives to maintain autonomy and emotional distance from them (Smith et al., 1999). Team members with high group attachment avoidance distrust their teams and thus seek to remain self-reliant and emotionally distant. In contrast, those with low group attachment avoidance trust and count on the team for support. Team members with low levels of both group attachment anxiety and avoidance dimensions have high group attachment security—they feel accepted by their teams and count on them for support (Lee, 2005; Lee & Ling, 2007; Smith et al., 1999). Attachment research focuses on the two continuous higher-order dimensions of anxiety and avoidance, rather than categorizing people by discrete attachment types (Brennan et al., 1998). Our research shares this focus on the two continuous dimensions.
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