دانلود رایگان مقاله لاتین جمعیت شرکت نوآوری و تحقیقات عمومی از سایت الزویر
عنوان فارسی مقاله:
همکاری منطقه ای از جمعیت شرکت، نوآوری و تحقیقات عمومی؟ شواهد از صنعت لیزر غرب آلمان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Regional co-evolution of firm population, innovation and public research? Evidence from the West German laser industry
سال انتشار : 2016
بخشی از مقاله انگلیسی:
2. How does public research affect regional industry activities—and vice versa?
2.1. Co-evolution of public research and private-sector R&D Co-evolution has been suggested as a theoretical framework to account for interdependent dynamics of industry, technological change, and the institutional environment (Nelson, 1994; Murmann, 2003). The defining characteristic of co-evolving populations is that changes in each population have causal effects on the subsequent evolution of the other population(s). The co-evolution concept resonates with the systems of innovation approach highlighting the interactive nature of innovation processes (e.g., Lundvall, 1992; Nelson, 1993; Malerba, 2002; Cooke et al., 2004; cf. also Soete et al., 2010, for a survey). According to this approach, the performance of innovative firms is shaped by their interactions with a wide range of other actors including customers, suppliers, universities and public research organizations. It is also conditioned by the institutional context, including the prevailing policy and regulatory framework as well as cultural, scientific and technological traditions. Finding evidence of co-evolutionary dynamics within innovation systems would provide empirical support to the systemic approach to innovation. The analysis of co-evolutionary processes also helps address limitations of current empirical work in the systems of innovations literature (cf. Fagerberg, 2003; Castellacci, 2007). In particular, even though the systemic view of innovation originated within evolutionary economics, the population thinking characteristic of evolutionary economics is often absentin the work on innovation systems. Instead of investigating micro-level actors such as individual firms, empirical research based on the systems of innovation approach frequently focuses to broad aggregates. Relatively little is also known about the evolutionary dynamics of innovation systems.
Innovation Systems in Small Catching-Up Economies: New Perspectives ... https://books.google.com/books?isbn=1461415489 Elias G. Carayannis, Urmas Varblane, Tonu Roolaht - 2011 - Business & Economics Population developments restrict this innovation policy. ... research support and financial assistance for innovations in firms and public research institutions. The Demographics of Innovation in the United States - ITIF www2.itif.org/2016-demographics-of-innovation.pdf by A NAGER - 2016 - Cited by 5 - Related articles Feb 1, 2016 - other sources of public research spending. ..... Figure 8: Percentage of Blacks and Hispanics in the U.S. Population and Among Innovators . Population Center | Guttmacher Institute https://www.guttmacher.org/population-center With 17 population scientists, the Center enhances the Institute's capabilities to serve and educate fertility and reproductive health researchers and the general public. ... The Guttmacher Center for Population Research Innovation and ... Searches related to population, innovation and public research economic growth and innovation examples why is innovation important to economic growth impact of innovation on economic growth innovation contribution to economic growth does innovation drive economic growth role of innovation in economic growth link between innovation and economic growth importance of innovation pdf